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The Town of Nags Head's Stormwater Management Program operates as a dedicated capital reserve fund that currently generates revenues of approximately $234,660 annually. These funds are used for personnel and equipment hours, engineering studies and project design, and contracted services for projects too large to be completed by Town forces. Unexpended Stormwater Capital Reserve Funds are carried forward to the next fiscal year and are available for operation, maintenance, engineering, and construction. Work is performed by the Town's Facilities Maintenance personnel and typically takes place between October and April each year to work on drainage maintenance projects, routine maintenance and emergencies that may arise throughout Town.Over the past 12 months, the Town has experienced a significant amount of rainfall. From Tropical Storm Hermine to Hurricane Matthew, to the extraordinary storms from July and August 2017, rainfall and flooding have been the main topic of conversation. We have received many inquiries as to why the flooding is occurring. The explanation is not always simple, but the following describes several of the main contributing factors.Flooding typically occurs in our area when large amounts of rain falls over a short period of time from a single, heavy storm, tropical system, or hurricane. After these storms, we rely on a man-made flood control system to drain excess water from the low, flat lands. Existing surface waters levels (i.e. ocean or sound), impact the ability of the connecting drainage systems to receive or store new rainfall. If the surface water conditions are elevated, this impacts the drainage system's ability to transport additional water. If the underground water table is high, water cannot soak into the already saturated ground. We have observed these conditions occurring simultaneously, which has led to rainfall in streets, swales, yards and low-lying areas.A majority of the existing development is concentrated in the lower-lying areas close to sea level. This is different from inland areas where watersheds have a natural fall line that directs run-off into creeks, streams, and rivers, which then carry excess water downstream. In our area, run-off will collect and stand wherever the ground is saturated, where run-off cannot access natural or man-made drainages, or along impervious surfaces such as roadways and parking lots where absorption is restricted.What has the Town been doing about this? We have been working on many fronts to address flooding impacts. The following summarizes the recent progress: